Index for
Media law & ethics in Australia

Entries in this index link directly to concepts within both Volume 3 of The News Manual: Ethics & the Law and the special chapters on Media law & ethics in Australia. Links to the special chapters are marked with the symbol (A).

Clicking on the link will take you to the start of the paragraph or section in which the term appears, so you may need to look for the words themselves within those paragraphs or sections. In some cases links will take you to a whole chapter on that topic.



absolute privilege - defamation
absolute privilege - conditions for
accuracy – checking
accuracy - rumour and speculation
accuracy - types of sources
accuracy - primary sources
accuracy - secondary sources
accuracy - reporting courts
accuracy - writing about courts
accuracy - and privilege
accuracy - and identity
accuracy - privilege & freedom of speech
advertising - opinions
advertising - and personal conviction
allegations - legal language
allegations - in intros
allegations - and defamation

Anti-Discrimination Board (A)
anti-terrorism laws (A)
anti-terrorism laws - development of (A)
anti-terrorism - restricting media (A)
anti-terrorism - links (A)
apologies - in defamation (A)
appeals - and contempt (A)
Attorney-General (A)
attribution - conflicting sources
attribution - sources of information
attribution - on the record
attribution - non-attributable sources
attribution - off the record
AusLII - links to (A)

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background - from off-the-record sources
background - and contempt
background stories - court reporting
bad taste
bad taste - and obscenity
bail hearings
balance - fairness
balance - reporting elections
balance - court reporting
Berne Copyright Convention (A)

bias - and impartiality
blackmail - and the right to know
blackmail - criminal defamation
braille - defamation in
bribes - and favours
bribed - to journalists
bribes - gifts and freebies
bribes - criminal contempt
bugging (see electronic interception)

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campaigning journalism
captions - defamation
case law
children - protecting
children - in court (A)
children - in family court proceedings (A)
civil contempt
civil defamation - punishments (A)
civil law
comment - and appeals
committal - proceedings
common law
common law - damages
common law - criminal libels
common law - definition of obscenity
confidentiality - naming sources
consistency - and court reporting
constitution - source of laws
constitution - and defamation laws
contacts - fairness of
contemporaneous - reporting
contemporaneous - publishing
contemporaneous - and privilege
contempt (A)
contempt - what is it? (A)
contempt - penalties (A)
contempt - cases against media (A)
contempt - and investigative reporting
contempt - sub judice in investigating
contempt - and confidentiality
contempt - silencing writs
contempt - defences (A)
contempt of parliament (A)
convictions - as evidence of truth
convictions - spent

copyright (A)
copyright - duration of (A)
copyright agreements (A)
copyright - and leaked documents (A)
copyright - ownership (A)
coroner's court (A)
correcting unintentional defamation
correction & apology - defamation
costs - in law
costs - and damages
court martial (See military courts)
court records - as sources of information
court reporting - fairness in
court reporting - rules of
court reporting in practice
court reporting - an actual case
court reporting - intros
court reporting - colour
court reporting - electronic recording (A)
courts - case law
courts - the judiciary
courts - and privilege
courts - and contempt (A)
courts (See also court reporting)
Crimes Act - and official secrecy (A)
Crimes Act - electronic interception (A)
Criminal Code - and anti-terrorism (A)
criminal contempt
criminal defamation
criminal law
criminal libels
criticism - of courts and judges
cross-checking - facts
cross -checking - sources
customary law


damages - in civil law
damages - for defamation
damages - types awarded
dead - defaming
dead - defaming (A)
defamation (A)
defamation - what is it? (A)
defamation - who can sue (A)
defamation - defences (A)
defamation - truth as a defence (A)
defamation - what you cannot do
defamation - what you can do
defamation - punishment & damages (A)
defamation - courts and parliaments
defamation - writing about crime
defamation - investigative reporting
defamation - blame
defamation - risks in reviewing
defamation & privilege - reporting courts

deterrence - reporting courts
dignity - of courts
dignity - scandalising the court
disobedience - of court orders (A)
divorce - family courts
divorce - evidence in court
divorce - court judgments
D-notices (A)
drawings - defamatory

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eavesdropping (see also electronic interception)
electronic interception (A)
Equal Opportunities Commission (
Equal Opportunities Tribunal (A)

ethics - introduction
ethnicity - and racial vilification (A)
euphemisms - in translation
eyewitnesses - as secondary sources

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Facebook - dafamation on
facts and opinions
facts and opinions - proven facts
facts and opinions - probable facts
fair comment - defamation
fair dealing - copyright (A)
fair trial - court reporting
fair trial - committal proceedings
fair trial - prejudicial publications
fair trial - prejudicing
fairness - in letters columns
fairness - of legal system
fairness - defence in defamation
fairness - and privilege

Family Court (A)
Family Court - children in (A)
filming in court (A)
fear and alarm - creating
FOI (See freedom of information)
freedoms - in society
freedoms - legal limits on
freedom of information - finding facts
freedom of speech - clash with traditions
freedom of speech - protecting sources
freedom of speech - fair comment

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good faith - privilege
good faith - and sedition
good taste

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habeas corpus - and anti-terrorism (A)honesty - in judging facts and opinions
House of Lords - as court of appeal
human rights commissions (A)
human rights commissions - links to (A)
humour - taste and bad taste


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identification - in law (See also identity)
identikit (See Photofit)
identification - in defamation (A)
identity - necessary for defamation
identity - what is means in defamation
imputation - in defamation
in camera - evidence (A)
indecent evidence

injunctions - contempt
injunctions - silencing writs
innocent dissemination - defamation (A)
innuendo - in defamation
insolence - contempt (A)
interference - contempt (A)
irony - in defamation

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jargon - legal
judges - the judiciary
judges - in court
judges - and contempt
judges - in defamation
judges - assessing damages

jury - their role
jury - in court proceedings
jury - and contempt
jury - argument in absence of (A)
jury - and appeals
jury - in defamation
jury - assessing damages
justification - defence in defamation

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key points - in intro writing
key points - in writing the news story
key points - ranking
key points - obituaries


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Lady Chatterley's Lover - obscenity trial
language - accuracy in legal terms
language - 'No comment'
language - fairness
language - swearing and bad tastelanguage - legal
language - scandalising
language - prejudicial to a fair trial
language - words that change
language - obscene
lead (See intro)
leader columns - facts and opinions
leader columns - fairness

leaked documents - as source of news
leaked documents - non-attributable
leaked documents - copyright on
legislation - source of law
legislature - source of laws
legislature - contempt of parliament
Lennon, John - and copyright
letters to the editor - facts and opinions
letters to the editor - and defamation
libel (See also defamation)
lies - probable
lies - dangers of
literary merit - defence against obscenity

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magistrates - in judiciary
magistrates - and committal proceedings
malice - investigative reporting
malice - in court reporting
malice - and privilege
malice - and qualified privilege
malice - in defamation (A)
malice - and criminal defamation
meaning - in defamation (A)
McCartney, Paul - and copyright

military courts (A)

morality - privacy and public interest

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national security laws (A)
national security website (A)
no comment
notebooks - and defence against contempt


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objectivity - campaigning journalism
obscenity - and bad taste
obscenity - criminal libels
off the record
official secrecy laws (A)
on the record

opinions - and facts
opinions - verifiable
opinions - expert
opinions - personal
opinion - defence in defamation (A)
opinions - fair comment
order of mandamus

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parliament - privilege
parliament - contempt of
photographs in court (A)
plaintiff - in civil law
plaintiff - in defamation
plaintiff - identity
plaintiff - and damages
police radios - monitoring
police - role in law
police - and courts
police - and legal deterrence
police prosecutor
politicians - private lives
politics - fairness reporting elections
political debate - defamation defence (A)
predictions - fairness of making
prejudice - colour in reporting courts
prejudice - in reporting committals
prejudice - criminal contempt (A)
prejudice - danger for reporters
prejudice - possible defence
prejudice - 'without prejudice'
press officers - as secondary sources
press releases - dealing fairly with
pressures - on journalists
pressures - government
pressures - commercial
pressures - police
pressures - family
pressures - tradition
presumption of innocence
privacy - and public interest
privacy - right to
privilege - protection from defamation (A)
privilege - courts and parliaments
privilege - absolute and qualified
privilege - defence in defamation
privilege - and obscenity
Profumo, John - public interest
public benefit - defence in obscenity
public figures - and privacy
public figure - defamation (A)
public interest - and privacy
public interest - and privacy
public interest - and defence of truth
public interest - meaning in defamation
publication - in defamation (A)
punishment - reason for laws
punishment - reasons for reporting courts
punishment - for defamation

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qualified privilege
quotes - on the record

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race hate laws (A)
racial vilification (A)

racial vilification - complaints about (A)
racial vilification - corrective action (A)
racial vilification - permissible acts (A)
racist acts (A)
recording in court (A)

reliability - of facts
remand - in custody
remand - on bail
reporting restrictions - in committals
reputation - injury to
reputation - calculating damage to

restrictions on media - terrorism (A)reviews - facts and opinions
reviews - fairness
reviews - and copyright (A)
reviews - protection of fair comment
right of reply - privilege
royalties - copyright (A)
royalty - privacy and public interest
rumour - and speculation
rumour - and defamation

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scandalising the court - contempt (A)
security laws
sedition and national security laws (A)
sensitivity - privacy and grief
September 11 2001 (A)
silencing or SLAPP writs
Singh, Khushwant - on gifts
sources - choosing for fairness
sources of information
sources of information - credibility
sources of information - confidentiality
sources of information - reliability
sources of information - primary
sources of information - secondary
sources of information - anonymous
sources - refusal to name (A)

speculation - and rumour
speculation - and predictions
spent convictions

standards of journalism
statute of limitations - in defamation (A)
stereotypes - taste and bad taste
stolen property - and leaked documents
styles of journalism
sub judice
sub judice - investigative reporting
sub judice - defamation and privilege
sub judice - and committals
sub judice - prejudicial publications
sub judice - defence against contempt
subpoena - failure to obey
subpoena - to name a confidential source
suicide - reporting
swearing - bad language

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talkback radio - sharing opinions
terrorism and anti-terrorism laws (A)
third party - publication in defamation
third party - in criminal defamation
threats - pressures on journalists
threats - criminal contempt
tradition - pressures on journalists
tradition - customary law
treason (A)
triviality - defence in defamation (A)
truth - defence in defamation (A)

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unintentional defamation
United Nations - covenants on rights (A)

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value judgments - personal opinions
verdict - and sub judice
verdict - and mention of prior convictions
vilification (A) (see also racial vilification)


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War of the Worlds - fear and alarm
Watergate - bugging and wire tapping (A)
wire tapping laws (A)
without prejudice
witnesses - interviewing during court case
words - meaning of in defamation (A)

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Media law & ethics in Australia
  1. Media law & ethics in Australia - Introduction
  2. Defamation in Australia
  3. Contempt & court reporting in Australia
  4. Copyright in Australia
  5. Vilification in Australia
  6. National security and anti-terrorism in Australia
Other Resources

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